|Christ is born and wrapped
in swaddling clothes. After this Giotto changes the story slightly to heighten the dramatic
effect. Nowhere in the Scripture is there a reference to an ox and an ass. He uses the ox to stand
for the New Testament and the ass for the Old, and together they symbolized the contrast between
those who see and know and those who are blind to the new light that came with Christ. As the Virgin shifts on her bed she casts a long, sad look at the Infant. We may suppose that with her power
of prescience she is gazing into the future to the time when she must give Him up to fate. Giotto
views the Nativity in an entirely new light- that of intense human drama.