| Modigliani's portraits, executed for
the most part in a single sitting, resulted from an intensely
reflective process, requiring a strong emotional connection between
the painter and his models. The latter were generally his friends or
companions in misfortune, such as young apprentices, maids, and
prostitutes. The portraits all share the same air of submissiveness,
which most likely resulted not from the artist's alleged faith in the
socialist doctrine of his brother, Emmanuel-as some critics have
suggested-but rather from a sentimental affinity with the sitter.
Most of these works share one peculiar element: the eye sockets are
empty and uniformly colored, with no iris or pupil.